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Spring Spectrum by Kalavilasa
Colorful Cotton Punja Dhurries from Jodhpur




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THE STORY
The cotton dhurries of Rajasthan are traditionally produced in resplendent colours, adding a dash of energy to the room. Many such dhurries are based on traditional designs, which trace their roots to the Persian, Turkish and central Asian kilims. These designs have been adapted by the local artisans who have added Indian motifs, such as a lotus flower. Kalavilasa designs cotton dhurries made on a horizontal pit loom with a punja, a claw-like device used to pack the weft yarn, which makes the dhurrie strong and long-lasting. Coveted for their graphic impact and easy, effortless chic, this vibrant collection of dhurries are the perfect addition to any room.

Unlike the carpets which were introduced in India from Persia by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 16th century AD, dhurries were being woven in India since 1st – 3rd century AD. A piece of textile fragment excavated from Niya site in East Turkestan is thought to be a cotton rug woven in India. A wooden punja, excavated from the Niya site (now part of the Victoria & Albert Museum collection) is shown here.

The pattern in a "punja" dhurrie is created by using weft-faced plain weaving technique, also called tapestry weave, in which the wefts are tightly packed so that the warps are hidden or almost hidden. Tapestry woven rugs are reversible and will look the same on both the sides. The motifs used in a "punja" dhurrie are stylized adaptations of the traditional motifs, in order to make them amenable to the tapestry weaving technique.